Photograph of ET Leeds
Archives and Artefacts
Photograph of ET Leeds beside a trench
Exploring the Past through the Work of E.T. Leeds and A2A



The site of a Roman villa at Shakenoak was excavated from 1960-78. These excavations produced evidence of the continued use of this site into the Anglo-Saxon period. In fact the Anglo-Saxon presence may have continued until the late seventh or early eighth century.

Pins from Shakenoak (AN1971.699-734, 1972.131)
Fourteen copper alloy pins from Shakenoak (AN1971.699-734, 1972.131)

The Anglo-Saxon finds included small-long brooches, bracelets, pins, belt-fittings, toilet implements, needles and many other artefacts. The metalwork finds include some decorated pieces which date from the transition between the late Roman to early Anglo-Saxon occupation of the site.

Hook fastener (AN1971.736)
Copper alloy hook fastener (AN1971.736)

The evidence at this site suggests the buildings continued to be occupied into the Anglo-Saxon period until they burnt down. From rubbish in the villa ditch it appears that settlement conintued nearby. The evidence of continued occupation makes this site both interesting and important.

Roman and Anglo-Saxon finds from Shakenoak are held by the Ashmolean Museum.


A.C.C Brodribb, A.R. Hands and D.R. Walker (1968-78) Excavations at Shakenoak Farm, near Wilcote, Oxfordshire, 1968-78, (Oxford).

A. MacGregor and E. Bolick (1993) Summary Catalogue of the Anglo-Saxon Collections (Non- Ferrous Metals), BAR British Series 230.

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