Photograph of ET Leeds
Archives and Artefacts
Photograph of ET Leeds beside a trench
Exploring the Past through the Work of E.T. Leeds and A2A



A number of Anglo-Saxon burials were discovered at Dyke Hills in Dorchester-on-Thames by a farmer in 1871 revealing an important early Anglo-Saxon burial site.

Finds from grave 1 Finds from grave 2
Finds from early Anglo-Saxon male (grave 1-left) and female (grave 2-right) burials

Two graves excavated from Dyke Hills are particularly interesting due to their very early grave finds. A male burial (grave 1) contained an elaborate belt-set and antler bead. The bead may have been a sword ornament but the belt fittings were of a type that first appeared in the late Roman period. The second grave was a female burial (grave 2) which contained an early cruciform brooch, that may have been a direct import from the continent, and a buckle of a later Roman type. These finds suggest settlers of Germanic origin lived in the area during the first half of the fifth century.

Finds from grave 3
Finds from female burial (grave 3)

A second female burial (grave 3) found at Dyke Hills also contained numerous bracelets, a key and bronze coins, all of a late Roman type, together with applied brooches of an early Anglo-Saxon type.

Professor George Rolleston and A.H. Cooks recorded these finds which are now held by the Ashmolean Museum. Scattered finds from this site have continued to appear.


J.R. Kirk and E.T. Leeds (1952-3) "Three Early Saxon Graves from Dorchester, Oxon.", Oxoniensia XVII-XVIII, p63-76.

A. MacGregor and E. Bolick (1993) Summary Catalogue of the Anglo-Saxon Collections (Non- Ferrous Metals), BAR British Series 230.

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